Time allowed: 3 hrs.
Maximum Marks: 100
- This paper is divided into three sections — A, B and C. All the sections are compulsory.
- Separate instructions are given with each section and question wherever necessary. Read these instructions very carefully and follow them faithfully.
- Do not exceed the word limit wherever given while answering the questions.
Section-A (Reading) Max. Marks: 20
1. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow: (12 Marks)
- Can’t blame you if what comes to your mind is Aishwarya Rai, Bollywood star and former Miss World. To a yogi, however, the word Aishwarya is a heavily loaded term with a profoundly esoteric meaning in practice, thought and philosophy.
- In epistemological terms aishwarya means positive activity emanating from self-reliance, self-esteem and self-discipline. Aishwarya also connotes self-direction. The most important aspect of aishwarya is that it stems from and has at its core the idea of positive self-direction as against self-destruction. Unfortunately, most of us tend to head towards self-destruction.
- Behavioural therapists encourage us to practise moral and ethical practices through positive reinforcement which increase our capacity towards self-reliance. Since aishwarya is positive activity, its flow and continuity requires inner strength and wisdom. Our scriptures reflect the sadhaka’s or spiritual aspirant’s prayers and guidance for tejas or strength and illumination. Strength is important but more importantly, wisdom should manifest this strength or else we may indulge in acts of undesirable activities which are both not only impulsive and wasteful but also quite often
- Books of wisdom like the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Bible, all bear testimony to ample examples of misuse of strength for personal power and petty gain. Aishwarya has an inbuilt aspect of fortitude and patience—strong resolve that helps us overcome the trials and tribulations of daily life. We only need to look around to see that strength given to us is being used in conflict situations.
- While the fortitude aspect of aishwarya also implies bala or strength we must use this strength to fight temptation and ignorance. Along with pride, anger, jealousy, greed, egocentricity and fear; ignorance and temptation are the real enemies that we need to overcome with the help of bala or strength. Through practice and deployment of positive bala we cut through the roots of our afflictive tendencies and thus also hack our way through our primordial affliction, which is ignorance. In this way we overcome lower states of existence as a pasu or animal-like existence characterised by gross attachments or desires, fixations and addictions of lower materialistic orders linked only to satiation of sense-gratification. Through practice and deployment of aishwarya we overcome these gross tendencies and rise to more exalted states of existence.
- Today’s mind management and personality development techniques claim to uplift us and help us cultivate good habits. But the difference here lies in the fact that most modern techniques lead to further ego-building and self-cherishing and hence work at gross physical or outer levels only. The anomaly of modern techniques is that they work at enhancing our personality or ‘outer shell’. The accent is more on ‘looking good’ and ‘seeming good’ rather than genuinely ‘feelings good’ and ‘becoming good’.
- Yogic techniques help us achieve subtler and longer lasting states that are beneficial for the soul. Therefore the individual does not have to inflate his ego at the cost of his universal self.
- How then is aishwarya cultivated by the yogin? Aishwarya along with tejas and bala cannot be cultivated by the weak in body, mind and spirit. Application and repeated practice as prescribed in the eight-fold path of Patanjali yoga is essential. We then purge ourselves of lethargy, weaknesses and negative traits. As the scripture puts it, the emphasis is on acquiring a healthy physique, firmness of mind and disciplined will.
- Describe a yogi’s concept of aishwarya. (1 mark)
- What is the gift of scriputres? (1 mark)
- What should strength complement with? What happens if it’s not so? (2 marks)
- Mention any two areas that aishwarya helps in glorifying one’s life. (2 marks)
- How do the modern personality development techniques differ from the ancient yogis’ practice to cultivate aishwarya? (3 marks)
(b) Pickout the words from the passage, which mean the same: (3 marks)
- to come (out) from (para 2)
- satisfaction (para 5)
- to increase in strength or amount (para 6)
2. Read the passage given below: (8 marks)
- Procrastination is not the same as laziness, which is really a disinclination to work. Nor is procrastination an act of self-indulgence. You may well ask, “What is procrastination?” Procrastination is actually needlessly putting of some activity or delaying priority activities. It is commonly noticed among students who are required to meet deadlines for assignments and tests. The students’ environment is full of events and activities which compete for the students’ time and attention, so some students struggle with procrastination due to a lack of time management or study skills, stress or feeling overwhelmed with their work.
- Typically, there is the relaxed type of procrastinators who feel negatively towards their work and ignore it, completely forgetting it by doing something else. The other type of procrastinators are tense and afraid, who usually feel overwhelmed with pressure, unrealistic about time, uncertain about goals; they feel they are lacking some ability to do work, and would try to escape this stress by relaxing with friends and social activities or worrying about upcoming examinations, class projects and papers rather than completing them.
- A typical thinking that leads to procrastination is perfectionism. Thinking that you must do the job perfectly in the first attempt will prevent you from getting started. You will put it off saying that you do not have enough time to do the job perfectly. But, with no specific deadline for a task, perfectionism can cause you to delay indefinitely. The solution is to give yourself permission to be human. Accept the fact that an imperfect job completed today is always superior to the perfect job delayed indefinitely.
- Perfectionism is closely connected to thinking of the task as one big whole. Replace that one big perfectly completed task in your mind with one small imperfect first step. If you have to write a 3000 words essay, your first draft can be very rough. You are always free to revise it again and again. Let your first draft be only 200 words if it helps you get started.
- Study/work in small blocks instead of long time periods. Rather than studying for 2-3 hours at a stretch with no breaks, study in 40 to 60 minute blocks and take 10-minute breaks in between. The idea is to chip away at the challenge bit by bit.
- The basic step in overcoming procrastination is, therefore, to do it now. Discipline yourself to use time wisely, set priorities. Push yourself to get routine tasks out of the way, whether it is answering your e-mail or finishing your homework. Complete the most important task first. Eliminate or minimise noise/distraction around your work space. Keep the necessary equipment at hand. Don’t waste time going back and forth to get things. Don’t get too comfortable when studying. A desk and straight-backed chair is usually best (a bed is not the place to study). Be organized. Take a few minutes to straighten your desk, which also helps to reduce day dreaming.
- On the basis of your reading of the above passage make notes using headings and sub-headings. Use recognizable abbreviations and symbols where necessary. (5 marks)
- Write a summary of the above passage in 80 words, using notes made and also suggest a suitable title. (3 marks)
Section B: Advanced Writing Skills Max. Marks: 35
3. You own a science coaching institute for 10+2 level. Draft an advertisement to be given in the classified columns, providing necessary information. You are Rajeev/Ranjita. (Word limit 50) (5 marks)
You are Ronit/Rohita. On being selected for a special training for Astronomers by NASA, US, you decide to share your happiness with your close friends. Draft an informal invitation for lunch. Give necessary details in about 50 words.
4. Recently, your school hosted a week’s workshop on theatre, organized by the SPIC MACAY. You and some other schools’ students had an opportunity to learn some tips on theatre and acting given by the well-known theatre artist Mr. Alkaji. Write a report on your experience in about 100–125 words. You are Ankit/Amita. (10 marks)
You were the reporter for the ‘Naach Baliya’ special dance show at Birla Auditorium, Jaipur. Draft a report on the Mega show by the winners and the remaining participating couples. Also mention the special invitees for the show along with the other necessary details in about 100–125 words. You are HT Live correspondent invited by the Jaipur Heritage Club.
5. On seeing the ad for the post of a PGT English, advertised by the Delhi Public School, Jaipur, you decide to apply. Write your application along with a biodata. Sign yourself Sudeep Jain/Sangeeta Jain. (10 marks)
As a Sports Incharge of the National Sports Club, Delhi you purchase some sports items for the International tournaments to be held in New Delhi. On receiving the packages you find some items terribly damaged. Write a strong letter of complaint to the Manager, Olympic Sports Company, Palika Bazaar, New Delhi, signing yourself Arneeb Sharma/Malvika Sahay.
6. In recent years there have been booming music and dancing talent contests encouraged by various TV channels, luring the young, inexperienced ones at the cost of well-experienced legends of our country. You feel strongly against such temptations poisoning and diverting the youth of our country. Write an article on Booming TV Contest: Boom or Bane? Giving vent to your feelings in about (150–200 words). You are Arti/Arpit. (10 marks)
Once adorned with the title of an exemplary Head girl/Head boy of your school, presently you are the Major in the Army. You have been invited by your alma mater to address ‘the budding soldiers’ on ‘the Importance of Discipline and Dignity in Life’. Prepare a speech in about 150–200 words drawing examples from well-known TV serials ‘Fauzi’ and ‘Left, Right, Left’, along with your own experiences.
Section-C Literature Max. Marks 45
7. (a) Choose any one of the following extracts and answer the questions that follow: (4 Marks)
If this belief from heaven be sent
If such be Nature’s holy plan,
Have I not reason to lament
What man has made of Man?
- Explain the expression ‘this belief from Heaven’. (1 mark)
- Why is Nature’s plan considered ‘holy’? (1 mark)
- How does the poet end the poem? Why? (2 marks)
Freedom from the shackles of slumber wherewith
You fasten yourself in night’s stillness
mistrusting the star that speaks of truth’s adventurous path.
- Who is clutched in shackles of slumber? (1 mark)
- Why does he mistrust the star? (1 mark)
- How is truth described? What is the poet aiming at? (2 marks)
(b) Answer any three of the following questions in about 30–40 words each. (6 marks)
- How does the poet prove that he dislikes war, in the poem ‘The Man He Killed’? (2 marks)
- What does the poet reminiscence about ‘Once upon a time’, which he finds lacking now? (2 marks)
- Elucidate the central theme of the poem ‘The Noble Nature.’ (2 marks)
- What was the difference of attitudes between the first three claimants and the fourth claimant of the ‘Plate of Gold’? (2 marks)
8. Answer the following in about 30–40 words each. (10 Marks)
- What was Mrs Cliffords’ ailment and what was its cause? (2 marks)
- What are the two different faces of India that Max Mueller talks about? (2 marks)
- What consolation did Bhai Parmanand and other convicts have during their journey to the Andamans? (2 marks)
- ‘Lady Bracknell proves to be a tough mother to decide a suitor for her daughter’ Cite two examples. (2 marks)
- How does Mr Parsons prove that he has an edge over Markwardt? (2 marks)
9. Answer any one of the following in about 125–150 words. (10 marks)
How did the role of the Brahmo Samaj and the Gandhian movement enhance the status of the Indian women?
Prove that both machines as well as emotions are inevitable in human progress but within limits.
10. Answer any one of the following in about 125–150 words. (7 marks)
How can ignorance help the disabled to add to their happiness. How has the entertainment media been helpful to the handicapped people according to Dr W.F. Stromer?
Citing examples from the lesson ‘The Bet’ prove that the bet was not a curse for the lawyer but for the banker.
11. Answer the following questions briefly in 30–40 words. (8 Marks)
- What is the most unbelievable aspect of the story ‘The Face on the Wall’ shared by the stranger. What is the reaction of the intent listeners? (2 marks)
- How did Gandhiji prove himself different from many teachers to his students at Tolstoy Farm? (2 marks)
- How does Mrs Wang prove herself both superstitious as well as practical regarding her relation with her husband and other family members? (2 marks)
- When and what is the real ‘hour of truth’ proved in the lesson? (2 marks)